This displays the "survival" aspect behind Satrapi as a young girl, and eventually young woman within this context. She seeks to create a visual context for not only those from the West, but also those from the Middle-East due to the lack of physical optics for this important time in history. Both describe her life experiences of being Iranian and the way in which the Revolution shaped her life and the lives of her friends and family. Although she does not find this significant, it can be kept in mind when attempting to understand her viewpoint.
Satrapi chose the name Persepolis, originating from the Ancient Greek term for Iran, in order to convey the message that the current state of Iran comes from thousands of years of background, not just recent hostile events. After the writing and publication of Persepolis, Satrapi herself has transformed into a diplomat for her home country of Iran.
Note: The summary of the English editions of the novel is divided into two sections, one for each book. Persepolis 1 begins by introducing, Marji, the ten-year-old protagonist. Set in , the novel focuses on her experiences of growing up during the Islamic Revolution in Iran. Her story details the impact of war and religious extremism on Iranians, especially women. Belonging to an upper-middle class family, Marji has access to various educational materials, such as books and a radio, which expose her to Western political thought at a very young age. By discovering the ideas of numerous philosophers, Marji reflects on her class privilege and is eager to learn about her family's political background.
This inquiry inspires her to participate in popular demonstrations against the Shah's regime in which people are asking for his exile as a way to safeguard their rights. Unfortunately, after the Shah's departure, Marji notices the rise of religious extremism in her society and is unhappy about it.
Her uncle Anoosh's visit deepens her interest in politics when he tells her stories of being imprisoned as a communist revolutionary. His stories cause her to value ideas of equality and resistance. After an abrupt family vacation to Europe, Marji returns to Iran where the government has declared war against Iraq. As her hometown of Tehran comes under attack, she finds safety in her basement, which doubles as a bomb shelter. Amidst the chaos of an ongoing war, her family secretly revolts against the new regime by having parties and consuming alcohol, which is prohibited in the country.
Two years of war force Marji to explore her rebellious side by skipping classes, obsessing over boys, and visiting the black market that has grown as a result of the shortages caused by war and repression. As the war intensifies, Marji rushes home one day to find that a long-range ballistic missile has hit her street.
Traumatized by the sight of her friend's dead body, she expresses her anger against the Iranian political system. Her family begins to worry about her safety and decides to send her off to Austria for further study and to escape the war. The novel ends with her departure to Europe and matriculating at Bowie State University. The second part of the series takes place in Vienna where Marji starts her new life at a boarding house.
Since she cannot speak German upon arrival, Marji finds it hard to communicate but eventually overcomes it and makes friends.
She assimilates into the culture by celebrating Christmas and going to mass. Away from home, Marji's Irani identity deepens and she is expelled from the school after an altercation with a nun who accuses her of being ignorant. No longer in school, Marji starts living with her friend Julie and her mother.
Here, she experiences more culture shock when Julie talks about her sexual endeavors given that such topics are prohibited in Iran. Soon enough, she undergoes a physical and ideological transformation by abusing drugs and changing her appearance while continuing to move homes. Marji finally settles on a room with Frau Dr. Heller, but their relationship is unstable. Issues also arise in many of Marji's relationships, in which she finds comfort in drugs.
Finally as the fights worsen, Marji leaves Dr. Heller's house after an accusation of stealing a brooch forcing her to become homeless for over two months. As her condition worsens, Marji reaches out to her parents who arrange for her to move back and thus after living in Vienna for 4 years, she returns to Tehran. At the airport, she recognizes how different Iran is from Austria. Donning her veil once more to go out, she takes in the foot murals of martyrs, rebel slogans, and the streets renamed after the dead.
At home, her father tells her the horrors of the war and they talk deep into the night about what she had missed. After hearing what her parents had gone through while she was away in Vienna, she resolves never to tell them of her time there. However, her trauma from Austria makes her fall into depression forcing her to attempt suicide twice.
The deadly truth about a world built for men – from stab vests to car crashes
When she survives, she takes it as a sign to live and starts her process of recovery by looking after her health and taking up a job. Following her return to Iran Marji meets Reza, also a painter, and they soon begin to date. In Reza proposes marriage to Marji, and after some contemplation, she accepts. Her mother, Taji, warns her that she has gotten married too young and she soon realizes that she feels trapped in the role of a permanent wife.
Later on in Marji confides in her friend, Farnaz, that she no longer loves Reza and wants a divorce. Farnaz advises her to stay together because divorced women are socially scorned, but her grandmother urges her to get a divorce. After much contemplation, Marji decides to separate with a reluctant Reza. She goes to her parents and tells them about her and Reza's divorce and they comment on how proud they are of her and suggest that she should leave Iran permanently and live a better life back in Europe.
In late before her departure for Europe, Marji visits the countryside outside of Tehran. Shawna I agree with you. One girl got called plain and I was startled. Just plain?! Jun 23, PM. It is bad. Very bad. I had to speed it up to avoid falling at sleep! May 15, Erin rated it it was amazing Shelves: netgalley. All the stars for this well researched nonfiction that is just infused with emotion.
Kate Moore writes in such a manner that I quickly became immersed in the stories of the American women in the 's and 's that were exposed to radium poisoning. What these women and their families went through to have the truth heard in the courts and in the country! I felt so furious at the company that refused for so long to admit their wrongdoing. Imagine implying that all these women had died of "Cupid All the stars for this well researched nonfiction that is just infused with emotion.
Imagine implying that all these women had died of "Cupid's disease" aka syphilis. A definite must read on the TBR list. Thanks to NetGalley for an uncorrected digital galley in exchange for an honest review. View all 19 comments. Jun 28, Jo A follower of wizards rated it it was amazing Shelves: broke-my-heart , non-fiction , i-love-love-love , inspirational.
It is amazing, what the emotional impact of such a simple thing like reading a book can do to the mind. I finished this book last night before I went to bed, and I was crying. I was crying for the women and their families, I was crying as I learned justice was finally served and mostly, I was crying because I feel so fortunate, that because of these brave, powerful women, that we know more about radium and it's dangers today.
I've had to sleep on this, before writing any words about it. Mostly be It is amazing, what the emotional impact of such a simple thing like reading a book can do to the mind. Mostly because, I struggle to find the words, for something so harrowing as this. I have watched cancer and it's utter devastation it has on the body and what it can leave in it's path.
The aftermath that is left with the families, when they try to pick up the pieces. But, I don't think that is anything in comparison to what these amazing brave women were forced to endure, and eventually mostly succumb to. I think the fact that they existed, and they experienced absolute hell, makes it all the more difficult to digest. I'd heard about The radium girls at various points in my life over the course of a couple of years. I'd heard snippets about it, but I'd never really read anything about it in intricate detail.
Nothing like this book, anyway. Once I started reading this, I really wanted to read it in one sitting. I was so fascinated by it, and I couldn't quite believe what I was reading in some parts, it was that horrific. The author ensured the reader knew the true, raw experiences that these desperately ill women went through.
I had to take a pause in a few places throughout the book, and take a breath. It was that intense and tragic. What I really do appreciate about this book, is the women were fighting for justice at a time, when women were seen as the second sex. It honestly does make me incredibly proud to be a woman. The way in which these women formed a group together, fought together even in their very darkest and frightening hour, just tells you something about the female sex.
We definitely need some more role models like this in today's society. I honestly feel like I could talk about this book for hours on end, and I think it is a very important book of our history, and if you can overcome the horrors described in this book, then I think it could help make you reflect on your own lives and what matters most. I will not ever, forget this story, and I feel honoured to have read it.
View all 8 comments. Well this was a rough read! At around 1h into the audiobook all I could think was I don't recommend the audiobook. The narrator did a great job but they didn't edit her swallowing half the time and it got annoying sadly! I don't feel comfortable giving a rating to this book. View all 3 comments. Jan 23, Tina Haigler rated it really liked it Shelves: non-fiction.
The Gender Game
So I've put off writing this review for a while, simply because every time I go to write it, I get angry, and just end up ranting about the horror and injustice of it all. So I'm going to write this damn thing and try not to simply rage the whole time. Therefore, I make absolutely no promises about the quality of this review, but here goes.
This was not an easy read. It made me stark raving mad. I'm talking want to throw things at people, punch holes in walls, and scream into the wind pissed. What these women suffered through is beyond belief, and the apathy of the people in power is enough to make anyone's blood boil, let alone the lack of justice for these poor women and their families.
The fact that people knew about it, could've easily prevented it, and chose to ignore it, is downright sick. It still infuriates me every time I think about it. It is also terribly gruesome to read about the medical problems and eventual death that was inevitably caused by the radium poisoning. The book itself was decently written, engaging, and thorough.
The science behind the radium, and how it affects the body was quite interesting to me. I also enjoyed reading about the girls lives before their decline. However, I didn't enjoy the court stuff as much. Honestly a lot of it seemed unnecessarily repetitive. My favorite parts were the women with the indomitable spirits, the heroic supporters who simply couldn't let this atrocity stand, and the fact that their courage changed the world. I for one, will never forget. Thank you. View all 14 comments. Jun 04, Brenda - Traveling Sister rated it really liked it. We learn of their feelings of joy, excitement, and independence at having such glamorous jobs, to them becoming ill and their bodies starting to deteriorate and then some to their deaths.
To others realizing their jobs are causing their illness, to their fight against the companies and their legal battles and then for some realizing they are going to die. I think that might be me as I found the torment they went through relentless and their agonizing suffering and the deaths after deaths started to become too overwhelming for me.
Some of what I was reading just became a blur to me and at times I just wanted to get through the book. As much as the girls suffering broke my heart, the greed, dishonesty and the refusal to protect the young women from the danger was shocking and angered me. I think Radium Girls was one of the most unsettling books I have read and even though I did not enjoy it, I am glad I read it.
The courage and tenacity of the women is an important story that needed to be told and Kate Moore is remarkable to have told it and honoring the women and their deaths by doing so. Thank you to Netgalley and the publisher Sourcebooks for a copy to read and review. Radium, discovered in by Marie and Pierre Curie, was thought to be 'the wonder element,' a magnificent cure-all that could destroy cancerous tumors and could perhaps be the elixir of youth. When added to paint this 'liquid sunshine' could glow in the dark. In , Radium Luminous Materials Corporation opened its doors in Newark, New Jersey and operated a watch dial studio that employed local girls, the daughters and granddaughters of immigrants, as painters.
One hundred years ago, before O Radium, discovered in by Marie and Pierre Curie, was thought to be 'the wonder element,' a magnificent cure-all that could destroy cancerous tumors and could perhaps be the elixir of youth. One hundred years ago, before OSHA and the EPA, industry had few restrictions or oversight of their workplaces in their pursuit of profits so even though the inventor of the paint knew of its destructive capabilities, the girls were not given any warnings or protective gear to wear.
In fact, they were instructed to put the slim camel-hair brushes in their mouths to get a finer point for their work. Over and over, thousands of times a day. With WWI in full swing, the demand for radium dials and watches was booming; the company paid an attractive wage and employed as many as girls at the peak of business. The job wasn't for everyone: some couldn't work at the pace demanded, some didn't like the taste of the paint, and some developed mouth sores quickly.
But those who were talented and quick enough stayed on, liking the workplace and especially the decent salary they were paid. The first signs of illness and changes in blood resembled phosphorus poisoning, a well-known industrial poisoning in Newark, and the girls confronted their employers.
They were assured that there was no need to worry--the radium amounts in the paint were so minuscule that it could not possibly cause them harm. In , a corporate takeover ousted the original founder of the company and the business, renamed United States Radium Corporation, was poised to flourish in the postwar world. As the girls sickened, doctors and dentists were flummoxed by the illnesses the girls came to see them with: loose teeth, gum sockets that would not heal after extractions, pronounced limps, aches and pains.
But since the girls saw different experts, all these differing complaints were not connected to one workplace. When radium poisoning was first suggested, it was highly contested by the industry and legal suits fell by the wayside as prevailing laws did not support the workers' claims. Meanwhile, miles away in Ottawa, Illinois, another business started up in September of Radium Dial Company with its head office in Chicago.
And the use of the 'lip, dip, paint' technique was taught to a whole new group of eager young women employees. And the deadly process began again. Other books have been written about this whole sorry and horrifying business but in this book, Kate Moore says she wanted to bring the girls' personal stories to light and give them a voice--all their hopes, dreams, pain, suffering and eventual deaths. But most importantly, how these women stood up for their rights with strength, dignity and courage.
Kudos to these brave women! Having lived in the general vicinity of Ottawa, IL since , we were aware of this sad, shameful history through displays in local history museums but didn't realize that the area where these jobs were carried on is still in the process of being cleaned up as of , according to Moore. Radium has a half-life of years! And a spinoff of the original Radium Dial company carried on business until under the name of Luminous Processes, and when workers there noticed a high incidence of breast cancer, the company denied its culpability.
And the beat goes on Many thanks to NetGalley, the publisher and author for the opportunity to read an arc of this important and moving work of nonfiction. Thank you for bringing these women's stories to life in these pages. She genuinely cares for these women and their stories. I also sat next to the great niece of Catherine Donohue, the brave woman who won her law suit against Radium Dial even as she lay dying. It was a pleasure to meet her as well and learn more about her family.
View all 15 comments. Nov 02, Juli rated it it was amazing Shelves: read-local-library In the early s Radium was a sensation. The Curie's discovery was touted as a cure-all, a miracle, a wonder. At the time, little was understood about the side effects of handling Radium, however. In an era when most jobs for women were low paying, young women lined up for positions painting clock faces with radium paint. The jobs were high paying and gave them status in their community. The clock faces glowed a radiant green in the dark, making them a popular purchase. These girls sat for hou In the early s Radium was a sensation.
These girls sat for hours happily painting, pointing their paint brushes by swishing them in their mouths. They played games with leftover radium paint, drawing moustaches on themselves, painting their eyebrows, dabbing a bit on their lips. Then they would huddle in a dark room, laughing at the bright green glow. The effect didn't wear off after work. Their clothes, their hair, even their skin would glow.
Often they wore their best dresses to work so that their clothing would glow at parties. What they didn't realize is the painful effects Radium exposure would have on their health. When many of these dial painting employees began having serious medical issues They refused to take responsibility for the work-related illnesses and deaths. Several studies were done that refuted claims that radium was the cause of the illnesses. It took years of fighting and public outcry for life-saving regulations to be put in place to protect workers from this scale of work related injury and blatant disregard for employee health and safety.
This book is well-written and an enjoyable read. It tells the tale of these bright, happy young women who were so excited to have a high paying, fun job When dentists starting noticing multiple women with crumbling jaw bones and chronic mouth infections, it took years for the cause to be traced back to radium. Rather than putting their employees health at the forefront, the employers involved chose to hide the facts so they could continue to make money.
The women, injured by exposure to Radium, had to fight to have their story heard, and it led to work place safety regulations to prevent similar exposure to future workers. They were courageous and fought for what they knew was right. This book is horrifying and haunting, yet compelling. I'm glad the stories of these women and what they endured isn't being lost to time. It was years ago now, but their fight for justice shouldn't be forgotten.
Lovely and informative read. I highly recommend it! Here's another nonfiction book that reads as quickly and easily as a mystery. After a quick prologue about the Curies, the book begins in earnest in at the watch dial painting factory. What first struck me was that these girls truly were girls, mostly in their teens.
Schooling beyond the elementary grades wasn't something the working classes could afford. The book gives a great account not only of the limits of science, but also the limits and willingness of government agencies to pursue em Here's another nonfiction book that reads as quickly and easily as a mystery. The book gives a great account not only of the limits of science, but also the limits and willingness of government agencies to pursue employee safety. It provides a strong reminder of where we might be returning to, given the current administration.
This is a sad, heart wrenching tale. These women were repeatedly told lies and dealt with coverups. And it wasn't just their problems. Like a stone thrown in the pond, the rings of destruction made their way through entire families, putting many in the poor house as they struggled with overwhelming medical bills.
Enter your book topic:
But there is a heartwarming aspect to the book as well. While there are plenty of villains, there were also plenty of heroines and heroes, who fought for justice for the Radium Girls. A well told story and one that I strongly recommend. View all 11 comments. Feb 11, Dorie - Traveling Sister : rated it really liked it Shelves: netgalley-feedback , non-fiction , history. I had never read anything about the tragedy that consumed a large number of young women working with radium, painting dials on clocks and other instrument panels. The young women took these jobs, offered by large factories, because they paid well and they were assured that there was nothing harmful in the paint that they were using.
The most horrible part of the story was the telling that most of the girls actually put the brushes in their mouths to get a pointed tip to make their painting more precise! Their bodies started to fall apart, many of them with jaw bone disintegration, others with symptoms in other bones in their bodies.
This went on for a decade with information withheld, no assistance with medical bills, etc. In the end some of them finally received justice but of course it was too late for many of the women. This book is obviously meticulously researched and much time taken to delve into the stories of many individual girls. I found this confusing and I think I would have preferred that the author narrow the number of victims down to a smaller number in order to keep the information and stories flowing in a more readable format.
I appreciate the information that I learned from this book and would recommend it to fans of non fiction. It is well worth the read. I received an ARC of this book from the publisher and Netgalley, thank you. View all 10 comments. Jun 04, Marialyce rated it it was amazing Shelves: non-fiction. This book made me cry. It made me cry for the girls who were so brave, so sick, and so dedicated to one another so that the truth would be known.
It made me cry for the greed that men, doctors and lawyers showed for these girls to let them suffer so while knowing the dangers of the substance they were working with. It made me cry to think of parents deprived of their daughters, children deprived of their mothers, and husbands deprived of their wives. It made me cry to think of the evil and greed This book made me cry. It made me cry to think of the evil and greed the pursuit of money breeds in our culture.
It made me cry to think that there were men who willingly and knowingly had no respect for human life. Perhaps there is no fitting way to give justice to these girls and their families. However, Ms Moore, in telling their stories, did an excellent job of portraying for us the real pain, the real courage, and the real people, young girls really, who were a part of this company whose job it was to paint radium infused paint unto clocks and watches.
Most apparent through the telling is the complete and utter disregard for these women and the horrible nature of the diseases caused by radium and what it did to their bodies. There was no sense of dignity put forth by the company who employed them. The Radium Dial Company was in a word despicable and one hopes that those, the men who oversaw the girls, the doctors who lied about their condition, and the lawyers who defended the horrendous actions of a company they well knew was lying, and who disavowed the girls' deteriorating conditions by the most despicable of ways are currently burning in hell.
This book illuminates the things that were done to American workers in the twenties, particularly the women. It points out the enormous gratitude that must come from we who have come after these girls and now work in conditions that have been made eminently better through their sacrifice, courage, and determination. Thank you to Ms Moore for writing a book about the girls and their struggles. It is well worth the time one has to read this remarkable book written about remarkable women who did give their lives in such awful and painful ways.
It is a tribute to them and a story that should be told and never be forgotten. Feb 26, Vicki rated it it was amazing Shelves: non-fiction , netgalley. I had never heard of the radium girls I had seen the glowing green dials of clocks when I was a girl. We had a Westclox alarm clock in my room. The glow at night allows us to know when we could sleep longer. I never knew that was radium making it glow. I also had no clue that girls, teenage girls had risked and lost their lives painting the numbers with a radium based paste to provide that glow. This well researched book tells of the women that faced an agonizing death because of the companies d I had never heard of the radium girls I had seen the glowing green dials of clocks when I was a girl.
This well researched book tells of the women that faced an agonizing death because of the companies dishonesty and cold refusal to protect these women. This is one of those stories that shines the light in greed and calculating big business owners. History has been a long time in sharing the plight of these trusting workers. Now everyone should read their story. Netgalley allowed me to find this book and read it in exchange for my review. When I chose this book I had no concept that it would be such an in depth look at an injustice of the nineteen twenties.
New heroes have come to light. View all 5 comments. May 11, Julie rated it it was amazing Shelves: netgalley , history , e-book , So be warned this book is not for the faint of heart and while the bravery of these young ladies is certainly inspirational, the anger and frustration I felt about their untimely and excruciating deaths left me feeling emotionally and physically exhausted.
The author has obviously done meticulous research about the women who worked for the Radiant Dial Corporation and the United States Radium Corporation beginning in Some of the women even painted the substance onto their faces to see themselves glow in the dark. The court cases were long, hard fought, and had many disappointments before all was said and done. But, the author really excelled at bringing these women to life, giving them a voice, so to speak. All these women were so very young, so full of life and hope. To hear, in horrific detail, their pain and suffering made for some very difficult reading.
Catherine Wolfe Donohoe is one that stood out for me, with her loyal husband, Tom.
- Apple Footer?
- See a Problem?.
- War and Revolution in the Caucasus: Georgia Ablaze (ThirdWorlds).
The suffering these women endured, was gruesome and unimaginable. Again, I warn you, this material is very graphic, and the author drives this point home with such vividness, I swear my joints and teeth ached. This is a battle that waged for many years, with the factories refusing to accept that the radium was dangerous, then trying to hide that it was dangerous, by any means. This is a painful story, one that highlights greed and deceit, but also proves what can happen if you stand up for yourself, speak out, and refuse to give up. The women featured here saved countless lives, while giving their own.
These women should never be forgotten and their bravery should set a shining example for anyone who may find themselves in a similar situation. You never know, you may, like the women featured in this book, bring about new standards of health and safety, expose dangers, and force accountability on those only concerned about their own bottom line. Bravo to Madeline Piller, whose championed these ladies by raising funds for a bronze statue honoring these brave women.
The statue was unveiled in , in Ottawa, Illinois. View all 48 comments. Lip… Dip… Paint. In the s, dozens of healthy, young, working-class women some as young as 14 were employed in a newly-born business: painting with radium, the marvelous material the Curies had isolated 20 years prior. At the time, this fluorescent wonder was believed so beneficial for the body, that medications, aesthetic treatments and even toiletry items had started to employ it. In , given you had enough money to afford it, you could spend a day at the spa, bathing in radium-infused Lip… Dip… Paint.
In , given you had enough money to afford it, you could spend a day at the spa, bathing in radium-infused water. On sale were radium jockstraps and lingerie, radium butter, radium milk, radium toothpaste guaranteeing a brighter smile with every brushing and even a range of Radior cosmetics, which offered radium-laced face creams, soap, rouge, and compact powders. Everyone who came in contact with this miracle of science was amazed by its property to make everything it touched glow , even the skin, teeth and clothes of the girls who worked with it.
Painting with radium was a highly desired job, as it offered higher wages than average and it was, in a word, glamorous. They glowed like ghosts as they walked home through the streets of Orange.
- Persepolis (comics) - Wikipedia.
- Der kleine Lord. Neu übersetzt (German Edition).
- Der Fall Bruno (German Edition).
- Magnetic Materials Help Explain How Arctic Ice Melts;
Who would consider herself luckier than a girl who could afford fur coats and high heels, and went to parties every weekend glowing like a star with a material that, not only made her pockets full and her teeth luminous, but also benefit her health? And so the girls, believing that what they were doing was not only safe, but even beneficial free radium treatment! As early as , specialists knew that radium could deposit in the bones of radium users and that it caused changes in their blood.
These blood changes, however, were interpreted as a good thing—the radium appeared to stimulate the bone marrow to produce extra red blood cells. Deposited inside the body, radium was the gift that kept on giving. Then, all of a sudden, people started dying. The story of the radium girls, who during their short lives endured atrocious pains, horrible disfigurements, public criticism and, overall, just plain injustice , is one tragic chapter of our history.
When I first heard it, some months ago thanks to a YouTube video, I was shocked by the fact that so many people today including me have no idea that it had happened.
How to Find That Book You've Spent Years Looking For
How is it possible that so few people talk about this? This book is not for the faint of heart or stomach , as it is a crude, dramatic report of events that were not only terrible per se , but also because of the reaction of the people involved factory owners, supervisors, scientists and doctors , who appeared to knew all too well the effects of radium, but chose to keep quiet about it. If you looked a little closer at all those positive publications, there was a common denominator: the researchers, on the whole, worked for radium firms.
As radium was such a rare and mysterious element, its commercial exploiters in fact controlled, to an almost monopolizing extent, its image and most of the knowledge about it. Many firms had their own radium-themed journals, which were distributed free to doctors, all full of optimistic research. The firms that profited from radium medicine were the primary producers and publishers of the positive literature. This book gave a lot of information, but left me with three questions. And I can decide. Being empowered to let go of my anxiety or self-criticism as a wealthy white woman is certainly helpful to me, and I appreciate that message from Hollis on a certain level.
In one anecdote about the power of setting goals, Hollis recounts her obsession with buying a Louis Vuitton Speedy bag, which cost a thousand dollars. And she takes that brand of feminism a step further by marrying it with Christianity, in what is essentially a Pinterest-worthy version of the prosperity gospel. This attitude has a historical context in the Pentecostal religious tradition in which Hollis was raised. Pentecostalism has always been the slightly embarrassing uncle at the evangelical family reunion — its unfiltered and emotional expressions of faith can make it look a little unseemly to outsiders.
A patina of racial diversity has been another hallmark of Pentecostalism, although during the civil rights era, racism from white leaders of the church caused a division that lasted through the s, and well into today in some parts of the country. In the United States, the movement gained momentum in the early days of the 20th century with several well-known revivals, the most famous of which was the Azusa Street Revival in , led by a black preacher named William Seymour.
And as far back as the Azusa Street Revival, white Pentecostals displayed a religious version of black cultural appropriation. Interestingly, this kind of appropriation echoes throughout Girl, Wash Your Face. The trouble with, and the appeal of, curated imperfection is the assumption that all imperfections lie in the past — they have supposedly been understood, integrated, and learned from in order to create a present that is blissfully free from earlier mistakes. Since , research has shown that 95 to 98 percent of attempts to lose weight fail and that two-thirds of dieters gain back more than they lost.
She imbues fatness with the shame of moral failure and demeans women who struggle to — or do not want to — lose weight. Hollis and her husband went through a difficult time before adopting their daughter Noah, now about a year and a half old, in They signed up to be foster-to-adopt parents, and Hollis talks throughout the book about their wrenching experience with the adoption process.
It was in the middle of these tumultuous few years, full of long days spent in survival mode, that Hollis started drinking more. But she has little to no empathy for the birth parents or family of the children she and her husband thought they would permanently adopt. When Hollis recounts waiting for the birth parents of one child to show up, her attitude of superiority and willful ignorance is almost breathtaking:.
But at night, when no one is looking, you drink, and when it gets really bad, you take a Xanax, too. Despite its undeniable popularity, Girl, Wash Your Face has not been met with universal acclaim. Those that have been beaten, verbally abused, raped, or shot at? What about those forging their way through life in male-dominated careers instead of party planning?